What Causes Very Loud Thunder?

How loud can thunder get?

The loudness of thunder can be expressed in decibels (dB).

A clap of thunder typically registers at about 120 dB in close proximity to the ground stroke.

This is 10 times louder than a garbage truck or pneumatic jackhammer drill..

What are the 3 types of lightning?

There are three primary types of lightning which include: cloud-to-ground (the most commonly known type), cloud-to-air, and cloud-to-cloud. With cloud-to-ground lightning, the rapid discharge of lightning is a channel of negative charge that is attracted to the positively charged ground.

Is thunder clouds crashing together?

Well, lightning causes thunder. … The expansion creates a shock wave that turns into a booming sound wave, known as thunder. As ice crystals high within a thunderstorm cloud flow up and down in the turbulent air, they crash into each other.

How close does thunder have to be to hear it?

about 10 milesThunder is the sound caused by a nearby flash of lightning and can be heard for a distance of only about 10 miles from the lightning strike.

Is it possible to thunder without lightning?

No, it is not possible to have thunder without lightning. Thunder starts as a shockwave from the explosively expanding lightning channel when a large current causes rapid heating. However, it is possible that you might see lightning and not hear the thunder because it was too far away. … Thunder is caused by lightning.

What causes long rumbling thunder?

The answer to the constant rumbling you hear in storms is a simple one: it’s thunder. For a constant rumbling, you would need a lot of lightning. Each lightning strike is hot enough to expand the air violently which sends the sound waves to your years.

Why is the storm so loud?

However, because of the temperature inversion air warming as you go up, in Elevated storms, the sound waves are trapped near the ground or get bent back toward earth or refracted. This trapping and refraction of sound can cause addition sound and amplify the sound of thunder, making it louder sounding.

Is loud thunder bad?

The shock wave and thunder (at very close range to the lightning bolt) can cause property damage, but no injuries have been reported. Windows have been shattered by the concussion of thunder, and nail-supported drywall has popped away from wood studs in houses.

What is the 30 30 rule for lightning?

Use the 30/30 rule! Go indoors if you see lightning and can’t count to 30 before hearing thunder. Stay inside for 30 minutes after hearing the last clap of thunder.

Is lightning hotter than the sun?

Lightning is four times hotter than the sun. … A return stroke of lightning, that is, a bolt shooting up from the ground to a cloud (after a stream of electricity came downward from a cloud) can peak at 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit (F). The surface of the sun is around 11,000 degrees F.

What is staccato lightning?

Staccato lightning is a cloud-to-ground lightning strike that is a short-duration stroke that often, but not always, appears as a single very bright flash and often has considerable branching. Forked lightning is a name, not in formal usage, for cloud-to-ground lightning that exhibits branching of its path.

What is a Superbolt lightning?

Superbolts were first described as lightning flashes that were “over 100 times more intense than typical lightning,” according to a study published in 1977 in the Journal of Geophysical Research.